Many people have radically changed this world. Scientists have discovered new laws of nature. Doctors have developed remedies against mortal illnesses. Politicians have started wars and conquered countries. Astronauts have flown around the Earth and landed on the Moon. The list is too long to continue. However, some of these people have not just changed the course of history but also transformed the map of the world by creating new nation-states. These people were quite rare in the twentieth century. We can cite the example of Vladimir Lenin, who founded a new state with a novel social order, and such pioneers may include personages such as Mao Zedong, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, and Fidel Castro. Another person in this category was undoubtedly Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founding father of Pakistan who almost single-handedly created a new South Asian state with over 220 million inhabitants in its present incarnation. Pakistan is the world’s fifth largest country in terms of its total population and the second largest in reference to its Muslim populace. Called the ‘Great Leader’ (Quaid-i-Azam) of Pakistan, Jinnah was a highly charismatic statesman who performed a kind of political miracle: in the vast expanses of British India ‘where the sun never sets’, Muslims were a minority and, indeed, a disadvantaged minority. With his unlimited willpower and determination Jinnah made this minority into a nation and gave it a country of its own. As a great visionary, he created the image of ‘The Land of the Pure’ (lit. ‘Pakistan’) in his mind and lived to see, even if only briefly, its embodiment: a state with its own flag, national anthem, capital, residence of the Governor-General (a post he filled himself), and population that adored him.




How to Cite

PROF. ANNA SUVOROVA. (2022). JINNAH AS AN IMAGE. Quarterly Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society, 70(3). Retrieved from http://phs.com.pk/index.php/phs/article/view/230