Shah Inayat of Jhok as a Sufi Political Activist an analysis




This study will highlight the Shah Inayat’s role as a political activist Sufi in eighteenth century Sindh. Shah Inayat of Jhok, popularly known as Shah Shaheed played a significant role in the political and socio-religious history of eighteenth century Sindh. This study on Shah Inayat as a Sufi political activist employs descriptive-analytical approach. It will try to narrate and analyze how Shah Inayat played his role as a Sufi political activist in the establishment of a just society in the then Sindh. The era of eighteenth century was very critical for Sindh in political, social and religious terms. The people of Sindh were not enjoying equality in the society. Kalhora, a local clan was ruling Sindh at that time and it was tyrannical and autocratic in its nature. The feudal lords and religious clerics (mullahs) were enjoying powers in society under their rule. In early eighteenth century, Shah Inayat became the custodian of Sufi Islam. He raised his voice not only against the tyrannical, autocratic and sectarian rule but also confronted the landlords for the peasant’s rights. However, there is a common perception regarding Sufis’ role in society that they remain confined to the esoteric aspect of life. They renounce temporal life and focus only upon spiritual experiences and intellectual development. Hence, they remain aloof from the worldly engagements. In fact, it is not true, there are many Sufis who give equal importance to the both esoteric and exoteric approaches of life and maintained a satisfactory balance between them. In this regard, Shah Inayat is one of the best examples before us.




How to Cite

SHAFIQUE AHMAD KHAN, & . IRFAN AHMED SHAIKH. (2021). Shah Inayat of Jhok as a Sufi Political Activist an analysis. Quarterly Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society, 67(1-2). Retrieved from