COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SAT MAMOI FAKIRS AND MAMAI DEV: SITUATING THEIR ROLES IN THE MESSIANIC MOVEMENTS OF SINDH AND WEST INDIA
This study conducts comparative analysis of two figures Sat Mamoi Fakirs, as portrayed in Sindhi classical literature, and Mamai Dev, a patron guru of the 14th-century Barmati Panth. A number of oral and written sources comprising of the devotional songs of Ginans and Bhajans, Persian and Colonial writers and also the recent researchers reconsidering the value of the past traditions based on the source material of the Sindh and West India. Inspired by Dominique-Sla Khan’s two articles besides other publications, The Coming of Nikalank Avatar: A Messianic Theme in Some Sectarian Traditions of North-Western India1 and Muslim Saints and Hindu Rulers: The Development of Sufi and Isma‘ili Mysticism in the Non-Muslim States of India2 that present excellent survey of the Isma‘ili Nizarism and the forgotten syncretic sects3 of Sindh, Gujarat, and Rajasthan, representing complex identities and symbols like traditional messianic motif as prophetic songs and Agam Vanis4 in the devotional literature of Meghval and other low-caste communities. In the comparative analysis of the similarities and differences between the two accounts seem to be deriving from a shared interest in apocalyptic and millenarian prophecy, both reveal a strong concern for moral order and about the threat posed to it by tyrannical rulers.
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