Cultural Dialogue between East and West Civilizations Through the Silk Road and the Role of Gandhara as a Melting Pot

Authors

  • BADSHAH SARDAR
  • TAHIR SAEED

Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the consequences of cultural interactions among different civilizations from ancient times through dialogue and the role played by Gandhara (Pakistan) through the Silk Road. TheSilk Road is also known as ancient Trade Route connecting China with the West, that carried goods and ideas between the two great civilizations of Rome and China. Originating at Xian, China this caravan tract, followed the Great Wall of China to the Northwest, bypassed the Takla Makan Desert, climbed the Pamirs, crossed Afghanistan, and went on to the Levant; from there the merchandise was shipped across the Mediterranean.This paper also finds that China received Christianity from Europe and Buddhism from Gandharaby means of the Silk Trade Route.I n the 13th and 14th centuries the route was revived under the Mongols, and at that time Marco Polo used it to travel to Cathay (China). Theancient part of the Silk Road still exists, in the form of a paved highway known as ‘Karakorum Highway’ linking Pakistan and the autonomous region of Xinjiang, China (since 1970’s). The ancient Silk Trade Route extends tomore than 7,000 kilometers, linking most territories of Asia and Europe. To trace theancient Silk Trade Road on the map is not an easy task, because there are several offshoots which also have many further branches while connecting East and West

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Published

2021-03-11

How to Cite

BADSHAH SARDAR, & TAHIR SAEED. (2021). Cultural Dialogue between East and West Civilizations Through the Silk Road and the Role of Gandhara as a Melting Pot. Quarterly Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society, 68(4). Retrieved from http://phs.com.pk/index.php/phs/article/view/89

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Articles